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Text-messaging & Game

Besides accessing lectures, mobile phones can also be used in other methods to enhance the mobile learning. For instance, usage of text message and game show can stimulate the students to study.

Text messaging has been one of the major communication systems through mobile phones. Therefore, teachers can use this fact and send messages, questions, and reading materials via text messaging. The students, too, will have a higher chance of viewing the materials since it is unlikely that they’ll ignore a text message. The game show uses the same principle as the text messaging, where teachers send out some information to students and students have to reply. However, since it is in the game format, teachers can make it more interesting by setting time limit or prizes, and so on.

Even though text message and game show are both an interesting methods to use in mobile learning, it is not very practical, because not all students will provide their mobile phone number to the teachers.

Article: How To Create Rapid and Cheap Mobile Learning- Text Messaging

Games

There are not many teachers who would plan “games” in the lectures, unless the target students are in the younger grades.  However, games in educational video conferencing can be quite effective. (I think it would be cool if the online course can include games as well XD)

Games enable learners to undertake tasks and experience situations personally, rather than imagining it. However, it is almost impossible or undesirable for teachers to organize games during normal lectures because of cost, time, or safety factors. Therefore, the proposition of online gaming in eLearning environment became one of the important strategies that teachers try to use.

Online games are targeted mostly for the younger groups of learner, especially for those who have been disengaged and lack interest. In addition, games applied to the online learning environment ranges from simple practice games to highly complex and challenging competitive games. Having to say this, some of the games may require students to participate in a role play, apply strategic problem solving skills, or woke in environment with limited resources.

Palbee is a video conferencing tool that I’ve found while working on the major project. It has many functions that all participants can benefit from. For instance, every participant will have a whiteboard for themselves (implemented in the system), upload PowerPoint presentations, record the meeting, and even publish it as a video. However, there are only ten people who can participate in a meeting. Despite this fact, Palbee only needs to be register prior to use and is free of charge.

Functions Palbee
Streaming Feeds Number 10
Text-Chat Yes
File Transfer Yes
Session Recording Yes
Web-Based Yes

http://www.palbee.com/

I couldn’t find the recorded lecture on Moodle, so I’ve decided to check out the website and do a review from there:

Adobe Systems Incorporation is a company that specializes in the creation of multimedia and software. However, in the age of Internet and online recourses, Adobe has extended its creation to Internet applications and many tools for mobile learning. Adobe Acrobat Connect Pro is one of the web conference software developed for mobile learning. Three main functions are included in the software to ensure the success of the conference: Web conferencing, eLearning, and Web seminars.

Web Conferencing

Web Conferencing produced by Adobe sets higher standards from the other video conferencing tools. For instance, Web conferencing maintains higher security and compliance, allows extension of user interface, and optimizes scalability, performance, and usage, and so on. Of course, the main benefit for this technology is that it can be used even on iPhone and iPod touch. iPhone or iPod touch are an important device that many people use nowadays. Therefore, using the Web conferencing tool, many more population can have access to meetings and/or lectures at any place.

eLearning

eLearning from the Adobe Acrobat Connect Pro can also be seen as a upgraded version from the regular products: it can track participation, progress, and course effectiveness, deliver training by virtual classrooms or self-paced courses, and create high-impact training content.

Web Seminars

This function can absorb up to 80,000 participants in the conference, with better quality and lower cost. Also, when combined Adobe Event Services, another packages produced by Adobe, the Web seminars can even save time during the conference. Furthermore, Web seminars have extended its audio capabilities so that every participant can hear clearly of the presentation.

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* Please excuse my grammar for the review… I think I’ve been away from an English-speaking country for too long that I’ve lost some of the stuff already… (after I finished with the review and was reading it through again, I really can’t understand what I was trying to say in some of the places 囧)

I think this lecture is fantastic: I’ve learned quite a lot from the presentation. However, even though Dr. John Willinsky believes that one should not need to pay for the research paper, either posted online or published as journal, I cannot help but wonder if it is really true. Of course, the purpose of research paper is to enrich knowledge in different areas, and thus the public deserves the right to read it as they wish without having to pay for it; however, I think open knowledge should also consider the copyright issues, for the paper is as original as a published song, and the literature economy, before making a decision in which they want to pay or not for a research paper.

A few weeks ago, we had a presentation on the topic of copyright, and I’ve learned that anything which is published will first be protected for a period of time (in which the public will need to  buy the ‘license’ to use the product), then it will become free after the expiry date. Applying the same principle, shouldn’t we protect the rights of the author(s) for a certain amount of time before it can be released as free then? Certainly, some of the researchers only want to share their researches with others, and thus post the essays on a $0 dollar based website where they can get more reviews; but I don’t think this is fair for those who published their essays through the proper publication company (since they want the copyright privileges), but cannot get as much review as the free paper since money is required to view the essay. Therefore, I think the authors would gradually move to a free website to post their document rather than published in proper company, and this lead to my next point.

It is kind of amusing that we seem so readily to accept the fact that we need to buy the copyrighted stuff (ex. CD), but refuses to pay for scholar paper, when the only difference between the two is that one is privately funded to start with while the other is public funded. Of course, it seems really wrong that the public budget for researches all ended up in private company’s pocket, but think about this: the tax that we paid is based on how much we make. So if we buy ‘license’ to read the paper, then the private company will make more money. If large sum of money is made, and then the tax on the company will increase, hence the government (public funded) will receive enough budgets to support more researches (thus the processes circulate again). I believe these processes are important because it is what keeps the literary economy alive.

I’ve always think that the copyright is very complicated to manage, since it is hard to determine the boundary of this issue. In school, we’re only taught by the teachers that we should cite our work, or else it would mean plagiarism, but nothing more beyond that point. Thus, I’ve learned quite a bit from the lecture this week.

Even though we’ve learned the rules of the copyright, it is still hard to prevent people from illegal act on internet. There are many sites on internet in which they would charge users money if they want to download something. In other word, the users need to “buy” the object of desire. However, since World Wide Web (WWW) doesn’t really have any limitation to what users can do with uploaded files, people can perform illegal downloading of songs, videos, and so on, if they can find the appropriate sources. Therefore, the question regarding the copyright issue then is how can the WWW prevent people from illegal act of free download?

iTunes University

iTunes University (iTunes U), a system which is incorporated into the iTunes Store,  allows teachers to post lecture materials and permits students to receive lessons through iTunes. Beside computers with iTunes software, iPhone and iPod Touch are also candidates for using iTunes U.

There are two ways of using iTunes U: internal and external. In internal usage, the creator can manage the content available on the site. Also, the owner can limit people from accessing and downloading resources by setting password. On the other hand, external iTunes U is open to every visitor. External sites are also a recruitment tool in which offers a unique way to explain the benefits your school has to offer. In addition, with using iTunes U, your school will be able to share knowledge throughout the world since it external sites can be interpreted as an open source.

http://www.apple.com/education/mobile-learning/